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International Veterinary Students' Association

NORWAY

Norway

Capital: Oslo

Time zone, summer: UTC + 2

Official language: Norwegian

Population: 4,9 million

 

 

Norway is on a large peninsula shared with Sweden in the north of Europe. In the north is also borders Finland and Russia.

 

Most of the population are Norwegians. The indigenous Sami people traditionally inhabit the northern part of Norway, that along with parts of Sweden, Finland and Russia outlines an area known as Sapmi (or Sameland).

 

Politically it is dominated by a widespread and continued support for the Scandinavian model, which means high taxes and high government spending to support the free schools, free healthcare, an efficient welfare system and many other benefits. Norway has become rather liberal in moral issues and thus more similar to southern neighbours like Denmark and the Netherlands.

 

Norway's primary income is the oil and gas industry in the North sea. It also has several other natural resources such as fish and minerals, and some industry.

 

Being a member state of the European Economic Area and part of the Schengen agreement, Norwaye is closely connected to the EU, and integrated as full member in most economic matters, as well as in customs and immigration matters.

 

Language

There is no standard spoken Norwegian, and a wide range of dialects exists. The language is very close to the other two Scandinavian languages, Danish and Swedish. Sami is a minority language.

 

 

Nature

Norway has amazing and varied scenery. Most famous are the fjords in the west of the country. Fjords are long, narrow inlets flanked on either side by tall mountains where the sea penetrates far inland. The vast majority of the land is a rocky wilderness, and thus Norway has large, completely unpopulated areas, many of which have been converted to national parks.

 

Norway's highest point is Galdhøpiggen (2,469 m/8,100 ft).

 

Climate

Because of the Gulf stream, the climate, especially along the coast, is warmer than would be expected.

Summers can be moderately warm (up to 30 degrees celsius, but usually 20-25 degrees celcius), even in northern areas, but only for limited periods. During summer the areas above the arctic circle have the midnight sun (it never sets), but during winter the sun doesn't rise above the horizon at all. In Oslo there will be around 20 hours of daylight during summer. The temperature and weather changes quickly, and you always have to be prepared for rain. In periods of rain the temperature may fall down to 5-10 degrees celsius, even during summer.

 

But as we say: 'There's no such thing as bad weather, just bad clothing'!

 

Fun facts about Norway!!

Norway is regarded as the birthplace for modern skiing. The english word "ski" is actually norwegian and simply means a piece of wood.

Some parts of the fifth Star Wars-movie were recorded in Norway, 1979 close to Bergen.

The original cheese slicer was invented by a Norwegian carpenter in 1925 and the Norwegian brown cheese is very popular among Norwegians.

Many Norwegians eat daily cod liver oil for health reasons

 

The Norwegian tunnel, "Lærdalstunneln" located on the road E16 is the world's longest road tunnel on the entire 24.5 miles. The tunnel

was built in order to improve the road between Norway's two largest cities Oslo and Bergen.